The unusual rattan plant is the longest plant in the world!
The rattan is a tropical vine that belongs to the species of Kalamus and the palm family.
The rattan has smooth and thin trunks, the diameters of which range from 5 to 70 mm and have no side branches or knots. Palma can reach a length of up to 200 - 250 m. The trunks of this plant have a three-layer structure . The top layer is a fairly strong bark, the middle layer is softer and more porous than the previous one and there is a very hard core.
The palm has an even diameter throughout its length, which distinguishes it from other plants. The rattan is adapted to any differences in temperature and pressure. It is elastic, it bends beautifully and, due to this, it takes any shape during steam processing.
The rattan palm is light-requiring and grows better in bright light. The plant is also thermophilic, but does not tolerate drafts, and the root is very sensitive to cold air. The optimum temperature for growing palm trees is + 250С. The surface on which the plant pot stands should be at room temperature, but by no means cold. Rattan needs a loose and easily permeable to water and air soil , which contains the maximum amount of nutrients. Palm is a moisture-loving plant and grows well with high moisture content in the air, which can be achieved by using special air humidifiers or by placing containers with water near the plant.
The leaves should be sprayed from different sides in summer and spring. In the autumn and winter, spraying is stopped to avoid the formation of fungi. The leaves must sometimes be wiped with a soft sponge and rinsed with warm water. Yellow leaves should be cut, but only when the leaf is completely dry. The tips of the leaves can not be cut, as they begin to dry faster. Ratanga leaves grow rather slowly and if they are not cared for, the plant can lose all the leaves.
Watering rattan preferably with water purified from various impurities. Normal untreated water saturates the soil with harmful salts for the plant. Water temperature should be at room temperature to prevent root rot. Water without the required purification for irrigation needs to be defended for at least a day to evaporate chlorine, which the palm tree especially does not like. Excess water must flow through the drain holes in the pot. Although Rattan is a moisture-loving plant, but excess water can cause oxygen starvation and the death of the plant as a whole. While the palm is small, it needs to hold a warm shower in the bathroom in order to prevent the appearance of spider mites. Palm needed fertilizer during active growth. Fertilizers need to pour directly into the ground or by spraying the leaves with a special solution. Rattan palm should be watered in the summer at least once a week, and in the winter - once every two weeks.
Vegetatively rattan does not multiply. A new palm can only be grown from seed. They are usually sown at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring. You can not cut the top of the stem, as the palm tree may die.
Replant the plant must be once in several years. Palm is transferred from one pot to another with a lump of earth, in order to preserve the roots. A new pot should exceed the size of the previous one by 20–25%. Palm must be transplanted, otherwise it will lose all its beauty and begin to stop growing.