Preparation of material - vines for weaving.
Willow twigs (vine) - the most common material used for the manufacture of wicker products. Their genus is quite numerous; krasnotsvetnik (talnik, krasnotal), goat willow (willow) lavolovolistnaya (broom), almond , etc. Young shoots of shrub willow are most suitable for weaving, thickets of which are located along the banks of rivers, ponds, marshes.The best time for harvesting the vine is August and September, when the branches are already ripe and the sap flow in them starts to slow down. August rods are easily cleaned of bark and split. One - two-year-old willow shoots are cut obliquely with a garden or any other knife with a smooth and very sharp blade, leaving stumps 3–4 cm high.
The cut should be smooth, without scoring the bark and flakes of wood.
Cut rods in uncleaned (uncorroded) green form are tied up
in bunches, dried and stored in a dry, cool place or in the open
air under a thick layer of snow.
Fresh cut rods can be smoothed off immediately by means of a crusher (see fig.).
Do it like this.
With his left hand, hold the scissors, the end of which is stuck into the ground or
into the hole in the board.
Putting the rod into the scrambler, slightly squeeze it and, pulling, peel off the bark.
If necessary, this operation is repeated.
Do not squeeze the scrambler very much, as it can crush the rod
or scratch it.
Unkeeled willow rods after storage must be revived before cleaning: boil in water or steamed for about 30-40 minutes.
In the spring, artificial recovery is also carried out outdoors
in warm weather.
This is done in a pond with a depth of 10-15 cm or in a bath (preferably with running water). The bottom of the reservoir should be sandy.
Loosely tied in bunches for 2 - 3 weeks set
thick ends into the water.
After this, the bark is easily removed.

Peeled rods are laid out in a thin layer to dry on trellised
flooring or placed vertically near crossbars or poles.
It is best to dry the willow rods in the air, then the wood not only
dries quickly (no more than two days), but is also bleached under the action of sunlight.
In rainy weather, the twigs are dried under a canopy, in autumn and winter - in closed heated rooms with good ventilation.
From time to time the bars must be turned over.

After drying, the rods are sorted by size (length, thickness) and bundled. It is enough for a beginner to prepare 1500-2000 rods.
Before weaving, in order to give the rods good elasticity and flexibility, they must first be moistened by placing them in water at room
temperature for some time and then in a plastic bag for 8-10 hours.
In the process, wet willow must maintain the required flexibility. Therefore, they must be kept wrapped in a wet thick cloth that
retains moisture well.

At the end of work, unused rods should be dried,
otherwise they may darken.
It is recommended to prepare only the number of rods necessary for work.
Tapes for weaving are made from annual willow twigs 4 - 8 mm thick.
You can also use the twigs of bird cherry, mountain ash, buckthorn and some
other shrubs.
First, a tire is produced from a rod, splitting it into three or four parts
using splintering (see fig.).